Left shift(<<) and right shift(>>) operators

This is a quick answer for what a left shift(<<) and right shift(>>) operators do in Java.

A left shift operator returns a value that is obtained by multiplying the left hand operand with 2 raised to the power of right hand operand. eg. 5 << 3 =" 5">> 2 = 5 / (2 raised to the power 2) = 2.

There are several factors that decides the behaviour of the operation. One is the sign of the integer.

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